The University of Szeged is one of the most distinguished universities in Hungary. The famous Szeged Open Air Theatre Festival first held in is one of the main attractions, held every summer and celebrated as the Day of the City on May The name Szeged might come from an old Hungarian word for corner szeg , pointing to the turn of the river Tisza that flows through the city.
The city has its own name in a number of foreign languages, usually by adding a suffix -in to the Hungarian name: Szeged and its area have been inhabited since ancient times.
Ptolemy mentions the oldest known name of the city: It is possible that Attila , king of the Huns had his seat somewhere in this area.
In the second century AD there was a Roman trading post established on an island in the Tisza, and the foundations of the Szeged castle suggest that the structure may have been built over an even earlier fort.
Today only one corner of the castle still remains standing. During the Mongol invasion the town was destroyed and its inhabitants fled to the nearby swamps, but they soon returned and rebuilt their town.
In the 14th century, during the reign of Louis the Great , Szeged became the most important town of Southern Hungary, and — as the Turkish armies got closer to Hungary — the strategic importance of Szeged grew.
King Sigismund of Luxembourg had a wall built around the town. Szeged was raised to free royal town status in Szeged was first pillaged by the Turkish army on 28 September , but was occupied only in , and became an administrative centre of the Ottomans see Ottoman Hungary.
The town was freed from Turkish rule on 23 October , and regained the free royal town status in During the next several years, Szeged grew and prospered.
Piarist monks arrived in Szeged in and opened a new grammar school in Szeged also held scientific lectures and theatrical plays. These years brought not only prosperity but also enlightenment.
Between and witch trials were frequent in the town, with the Szeged witch trials of perhaps being the largest. The witch trials were instigated by the authorities, who decided on this measure to remove the problem of the public complaints about the drought and its consequences of famine and epidemics by laying the responsibility on people among them, which had fraternized with the Devil.
In , the population of the city totalled households, of which 99 were Serbian. Szeged is known as the home of paprika , a spice made from dried, powdered capsicum fruits.
Paprika arrived in Hungary in the second half of the 16th century as an ornamental plant. About years later the plant was cultivated as an herb, and paprika as we know it.
The citizens of Szeged played an important part in the Hungarian Revolution of Lajos Kossuth delivered his famous speech here.
Szeged was the last seat of the revolutionary government in July The Habsburg rulers punished the leaders of the town, but later Szeged began to prosper again, the railway reached it in , and the town got its free royal town status back in Today the inner city of Szeged has beautiful buildings and wide avenues.
This is mainly due to the great flood of , which literally wiped away the whole town only of the houses remained and people died.
Emperor Franz Joseph visited the town and promised that "Szeged will be more beautiful than it used to be". He kept his promise.
During the next years a new, modern city emerged from the ruins, with palaces and wide streets. After the First World War Hungary lost its southern territories to Serbia , as a result Szeged became a city close to the border , and its importance lessened, but as it took over roles that formerly belonged to the now lost cities, it slowly recovered.
It was briefly occupied by Romanian army during Hungarian-Romanian War in During the s the Jewish population of Szeged grew and reached its zenith.
Szeged suffered heavily during World War II. Szeged was captured by Soviet troops of the 2nd Ukrainian Front on 11 October in the course of the Battle of Debrecen.
During the Communist-era, Szeged became a centre of light industry and food industry. Whole new districts were built, and lots of nearby villages e.
Szeged is situated near the southern border of Hungary , just to the south of the mouth of the Maros River , on both banks of the Tisza River , nearly in the centre of the Carpathian Basin.
The city of Szeged has 62 kindergartens , 32 elementary schools and 18 high schools. Szeged is the higher education centre of the Southern Great Plain and has built quite a reputation for itself.
Thousands of students study here, many of whom are foreigners. The University of Szeged is according to the number of students the second largest and the 4th oldest university of Hungary being established in Casino app ohne internet: Auto war in ein paar platze schon repairert.
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