Die KiKA-Figuren in Erfurt sind Plastiken bekannter Figuren aus dem Bereich der Kindermedien, die in der thüringischen Landeshauptstadt Erfurt aufgestellt. Sept. Die Kika-Figuren findet ihr überall in Erfurt verteilt. Insgesamt gibt es sieben KiKA -Figuren zu bestaunen. Wir haben uns fünf von ihnen für euch. Wer am Erfurter Hauptbahnhof aus der Bahn steigt, dem wird neben einigen anderen Werbeanzeigen vor allem das bunte Banner des KiKA schnell ins Auge . Ja stimmt, neu.de kündigung mit den Figuren ist wirklich eine tolle Idee. Martin Luther auf dem Anger. In anderen Projekten Commons. Die Krämerbrücke ist für mich das Highlight unseres Stadtrundgangs durch Erfurt. Gefallen dir meine Fotos? Mit einem Besuch des Funkhauses können die Kinder Menschen und Abläufe kennenlernen, erfahren, wie Fernsehen gemacht wird und können ihre ganz persönlichen Online casino slots signup bonus stellen. Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Vivaro casino.
In Martin Luther - moved to Erfurt and began his studies at the university. After , he lived at St. In he was ordained as a priest in Erfurt Cathedral.
He moved permanently to Wittenberg in Erfurt was an early adopter of the Protestant Reformation , in In , the city became one of the first in Europe to be officially bi-confessional with the Hammelburg Treaty.
It kept that status through all the following centuries. The later 16th and the 17th century brought a slow economic decline of Erfurt.
Trade shrank, the population was falling and the university lost its influence. In , the city and surrounding area were brought under the dominion of the Electorate of Mainz and the city lost its independence.
The Electorate built a huge fortress on Petersberg hill between and to control the city and instituted a governor to rule Erfurt.
During the late 18th century, Erfurt saw another cultural peak. Erfurt became part of the Kingdom of Prussia in , to compensate for territories Prussia lost to France on the Left Bank of the Rhine.
During their administration, the French introduced street lighting and a tax on foreign horses to pay for maintaining the road surface.
With the Sixth Coalition forming after French defeat in Russia, on 24 February Napoleon ordered the Petersburg Citadel to prepare for siege , visiting the city on 25 April to inspect the fortifications, in particular both Citadels.
After the Congress of Vienna , Erfurt was restored to Prussia on 21 June , becoming the capital of one of the three districts Regierungsbezirke of the new Province of Saxony , but some southern and eastern parts of Erfurter lands joined Blankenhain in being transferred to the Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach the following September.
After the Revolution , many Germans desired to have a united national state. An attempt in this direction was the failed Erfurt Union of German states in During the following years, many factories in different sectors were founded.
One of the biggest was the "Royal Gun Factory of Prussia " in After the Unification of Germany in , Erfurt moved from the southern border of Prussia to the centre of Germany, so the fortifications of the city were no longer needed.
The demolition of the city fortifications in led to a construction boom in Erfurt, because it was now possible to build in the area formerly occupied by the city walls and beyond.
Many public and private buildings emerged and the infrastructure such as a tramway, hospitals, and schools improved rapidly. The number of inhabitants grew from 40, around to , in and the city expanded in all directions.
Between the wars, the city kept growing. Housing shortages were fought with building programmes and social infrastructure was broadened according to the welfare policy in the Weimar Republic.
The Great Depression between and led to a disaster for Erfurt, nearly one out of three became unemployed. Conflicts between far-left and far-right-oriented milieus increased and many inhabitants supported the new Nazi government and Adolf Hitler.
Others, especially some communist workers, put up resistance against the new administration. In , the new synagogue was destroyed during the Kristallnacht.
Jews lost their property and emigrated or were deported to Nazi concentration camps together with many communists. In , the company Topf and Sons began the manufacture of crematoria later becoming the market leader in this industry.
On 27 January a memorial and museum dedicated to the Holocaust victims was opened at the former company premises in Erfurt. In , Erfurt became the capital of Thuringia , replacing Weimar.
Erfurt then became the capital of a new " Bezirk " district. In , the Hochschule of education was founded, followed by the Hochschule of medicine in , the first academic institutions in Erfurt since the closing of the university in During the s and s, as the economic situation in GDR worsened, many old buildings in city centre decayed, while the government fought against the housing shortage by building large Plattenbau settlements in the periphery.
With the re-formation of the state of Thuringia in , the city became the state capital. After reunification, a deep economic crisis occurred in Eastern Germany.
Many factories closed and many people lost their jobs and moved to the former West Germany. At the same time, many buildings were redeveloped and the infrastructure improved massively.
In , the new university was opened, as was the Fachhochschule in Between and , the economic situation improved as the unemployment rate decreased and new enterprises developed.
In addition, the population began to increase once again. Whereas the northern parts of the city area are flat, the southern ones consist of hilly landscape up to m of elevation.
In this part lies the municipal forest of Steigerwald with beeches and oaks as main tree species. To the east and to the west are some non-forested hills so that the Gera river valley within the town forms a basin.
North of the city are some gravel pits in operation, while others are abandoned, flooded and used as leisure areas. Annual precipitation is only millimeters Light snowfall mainly occurs from December through February, but snow cover does not usually remain for long.
The city itself is divided into 53 districts. More former industrial districts are Ilversgehofen incorporated in , Hohenwinden and Sulzer Siedlung in the north.
Another group of districts is marked by Plattenbau settlements, constructed during the GDR period: Finally, there are many villages with an average population of approximately 1, which were incorporated during the 20th century; however, they mostly stayed rural to date:.
Around the year , the city had 18, inhabitants and was one of the largest cities in the Holy Roman Empire. The population then more or less stagnated until the 19th century.
The population of Erfurt was 21, in , and increased to 32, in , the year of rail connection as industrialization began.
In the following decades Erfurt grew up to , at the beginning of World War I and , inhabitants in A maximum was reached in with , persons.
The bad economic situation in eastern Germany after the reunification resulted in a decline in population, which fell to , in before rising again to , in The average growth of population between and was approximately 0.
Suburbanization played only a small role in Erfurt. It occurred after reunification for a short time in the s, but most of the suburban areas were situated within the administrative city borders.
The birth deficit was in , this is Due to the official atheism of the former GDR , most of the population is non-religious. The Jewish Community consists of members.
Most of them migrated to Erfurt from Russia and Ukraine in the s. Martin Luther studied law and philosophy at the University of Erfurt from He lived in St.
The theologian, philosopher and mystic Meister Eckhart c. Eckhart was the Dominican Prior at Erfurt from until , and Vicar of Thuringia from to After a year in Paris, he returned to Erfurt in and administered his duties as Provincial of Saxony from there until Max Weber - was born in Erfurt.
The textile designer Margaretha Reichardt - was born and died in Erfurt. She studied at the Bauhaus from to ,  and while there worked with Marcel Breuer on his innovative chair designs.
Her former home and weaving workshop in Erfurt, the Margaretha Reichardt Haus , is now a museum, managed by the Angermuseum Erfurt.
Johann Pachelbel - served as organist at the Prediger church in Erfurt from June until August Pachelbel composed approximately seventy pieces for organ while in Erfurt.
His major works were written here, including three symphonies, a Requiem and a Christmas Oratorio. Since , the modern opera house is home to Theater Erfurt and its Philharmonic Orchestra.
The "grand stage" section has seats and the "studio stage" can hold spectators. In September , the opera Waiting for the Barbarians by Philip Glass premiered in the opera house.
The Erfurt Theater has been a source of controversy recently. The opera was advertised in the program with the addition "for adults only".
The production stirred deep controversy by featuring nude performers in Mickey Mouse masks dancing on the ruins of the World Trade Center and a female singer with a painted on Hitler toothbrush moustache performing a straight arm Nazi salute, along with sinister portrayals of American soldiers, Uncle Sam , and Elvis Presley impersonators.
The director described the production as a populist critique of modern American society, aimed at showing up the disparities between rich and poor. Notable types of sport in Erfurt are athletics, ice skating, cycling with the oldest velodrome in use in the world, opened in , swimming, handball, volleyball, tennis and football.
In the following years, Erfurt saw a construction boom. During the interwar period, some settlements in Bauhaus style were realized, often as housing cooperatives.
After World War II and over the whole GDR period, housing shortages remained a problem even though the government started a big apartment construction programme.
Between and large Plattenbau settlements with high-rise blocks on the northern for 50, inhabitants and southeastern for 40, inhabitants periphery were constructed.
The federal government granted substantial subsidies, so that many houses could be restored. This is one reason why the centre today offers a mixture of medieval, Baroque and Neoclassical architecture as well as buildings from the last years.
The city centre has about 25 churches and monasteries, most of them in Gothic style, some also in Romanesque style or a mixture of Romanesque and Gothic elements, and a few in later styles.
It was used until when the Jewish community was destroyed in a pogrom known as the Erfurt Massacre. The building had many other uses since then. It was conserved in the s and in it became a museum of Jewish history.
It has been tentatively listed but a final decision has not yet been made. As religious freedom was granted in the 19th century, some Jews returned to Erfurt.
They built their synagogue on the banks of the Gera river and used it from until The neoclassical building is known as the Kleine Synagoge Small Synagogue.
Today it is used an events centre. It is also open to visitors. This moorish style building was destroyed during nationwide Nazi riots, known as Kristallnacht on 9—10 November In the land which the Great Synagogue had occupied was returned to the Jewish community and they built their current place of worship, the Neue Synagoge New Synagogue which opened in It was the only synagogue building erected under communist rule in East Germany.
Besides the religious buildings there is a lot of historic secular architecture in Erfurt, mostly concentrated in the city centre, but some 19th- and 20th-century buildings are located on the outskirts.
From until the old town of Erfurt was encircled by a fortified wall. About this was extended to run around the western side of Petersberg hill, enclosing it within the city boundaries.
The threat to the city from its Saxon neighbours and from Bavaria was no longer present, so it was decided to dismantle the city walls.
Only a few remnants remain today. The Petersberg Citadel is one of the largest and best preserved city fortresses in Europe, covering an area of 36 hectares in the north-west of the city centre.
It was built from on Petersberg hill and was in military use until Since , it has been significantly restored and is now open to the public as an historic site.
Today, it houses the German horticulture museum. The Schmale Gera stream runs through the area. A new use has not been found yet, but the area is sometimes used as a location in movie productions because of its atmosphere.
The current international glass and steel architecture is dominant among most larger new buildings like the Federal Labour Court of Germany , the new opera house , the new main station , the university library, the Erfurt Messe convention centre and the Gunda Niemann-Stirnemann ice rink.
During recent years, the economic situation of the city improved: Farming has a great tradition in Erfurt: Today, horticulture and the production of flower seeds is still an important business in Erfurt.
There is also growing of fruits like apples, strawberries and sweet cherries , vegetables e. Industrialization in Erfurt started around Until World War I, many factories were founded in different sectors like engine building, shoes, guns, malt and later electro-technics, so that there was no industrial monoculture in the city.
After , the companies were nationalized by the GDR government, which led to the decline of some of them. After reunification, nearly all factories were closed, either because they failed to successfully adopt to a free market economy or because the German government sold them to west German businessmen who closed them to avoid competition to their own enterprises.
It still took a long time before the economic situation stabilized around Since this time, unemployment has decreased and overall, new jobs were created.
Today, there are many small and medium-sized companies in Erfurt with electro-technics, semiconductors and photovoltaics in focus. Building engines, the production of food i.
Erfurt is an Oberzentrum which means "supra-centre" according to Central place theory in German regional planning. Such centres are always hubs of service businesses and public services like hospitals, universities, research, trade fairs, retail etc.
The Adventures of Piggley Winks , are almost continually part of the programme. Many programmes, especially older series, such as Pan Tau , Pippi Longstocking , and Es war einmal , can be seen only on the ZDF and regional channels.
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